Adelaide, Produce Markets, East End Markets, New Market, Old Market, Rundle Street East End.
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All photos © Bill Chartres unless otherwise acknowledged.

East End Markets





ADELAIDE'S OLD EAST END PRODUCE MARKETS 1875 - 1988

A little bit of history

Here you can learn a little of the history of the East End Markets
from their establishment to closure, (1875 - 1988)
view some photos of the old market, as well as some of the
new Adelaide Produce Market at Pooraka (Established 1988).

The façade of the New Market

East Terrace façade
The façade of the New Market, East Tce., Adelaide, SA, Australia --- (Photo 01/10/1988 - © Bill Chartres)
(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1988)

The façade of the New Market

Grenfell Street façade

The façade of the New Market, Grenfell St. Adelaide, SA, Australia --- (Photo 01/10/1988 - © Bill Chartres)

(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1988)

South Australian Educator, and author of more than 100 books,
Colin Thiele, wrote of Adelaide's East End Markets:-

"Nothing suggests the fruitfulness of the earth more wonderfully than an agricultural market.
The rich medley of sights, sounds and smells send the senses reeling:
potatoes heaped prodigally like a million dumplings, melons bigger than cannon balls,
carrots like glowing marlin spikes, freshly decapitated cabbage heads,
cucumbers as thick as forearms, onions in long red netting sacks like lumpy legs in fishnet stockings.
Everywhere there are trucks and barrows and trolleys trundling energetically among buyers,
and growers who look as if they themselves have sprung from the soil.
and above all else is the smell - cloying and all-pervasive - of fruits and plants and berries,
and splashes of colour in red and orange and green and yellow,
as if earth's cornucopia has suddenly opened and rained its produce on humanity."


These words so well describe my feelings of the East End Markets that I felt compelled share some of the markets history.

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ADELAIDE'S EAST END MARKETS

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EAST END MARKET Co. Ltd.

["The Old Market"]

In the early days of the settlement of Adelaide the population was so small that the few who grew fruit and vegetables could simply deliver their produce directly to the greengrocers' shops at what ever time they wished. As both growers and greengrocers became more numerous, the need for a market place became obvious. By about the 1860's, since there was no organised market, it was agreed between the growers and the greengrocers that the sales of fruit and vegetables should be held on East Terrace opposite the Stag Inn, commencing at daylight, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.




The Stag Inn - 1866

The Stag Inn - 1866 - site of the original market.
Corner of Rundle St. and East Tce., Adelaide, SA, Australia
(Photo Bill Chartres' collection Circa early 1900's)
Sketch Vaughan's Market 1867
Sketch - Vaughan's Market - 1867
(Photo slsa B8124 Circa 1867)


From these small beginnings this "market" grew until at times the street was completely blocked. This caused the City Council to install posts in Grote Street (Victoria Square) to which horses could be tied, and to declare that all produce sales should be made from this site, and that no person would be allowed to sell produce in East Terrace. However since the council refused to provide any shelter, provision for refreshments, or public houses, the number growers using the facility was small. Most growers came from the eastern suburbs of Adelaide and the East Terrace site remained most popular, so they moved to an area behind the Stag Inn and a shop owned by Richard Vaughan. As more growers abandoned the Grote Street site this area soon became too small, and during the late 1860's Vaughan acquired all the land fronting East Terrace from Rundle Street to North Terrace, as well as that fronting the northern side of Rundle Street from East Terrace to the Exeter Hotel. Here he built Adelaide's first market sheds to protect the gardeners from the elements.



In 1871 Vaughan applied for an act to establish markets on the site, and this was granted in 1872.
However the cost of maintaining the market was too great, so in 1874 he issued a prospectus to form the East End Market Co. Ltd. with a capital of £50,000 (A$100,000) in £5 ($A10) shares to purchase from him all his rights under the Private Markets act as well as all the land with a frontage of 210 feet (64m) to North Terrace, 420 feet (128m) to East Terrace and 570 feet (174m) to Rundle Street.
The first meeting of the company, held on February 16th 1875, elected Richard Vaughan as Managing Director and Mr W. Adams as Secretary, both of whom resigned in 1877, when Mr Thomas Playford, who was the original chairman, became the Managing Director, and Mr John Harmer as secretary.


 Five members of the East End Market Co Ltd  -  1923
Five members of the East End Market Co Ltd - 1923

John Harmer second from right, others unknown.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia PRG 280/1/37/25 Circa 1923)

By the turn of the century an additional half an acre had been purchased, and the original sheds built by Vaughan demolished, the area was paved and covered with "lofty structures", with the roadways asphalted, to provide "thoroughly up-to-date" premises with "perfect sanitary arrangements".

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A collection of photos of the old markets and some of their identities.


Bill Menz's truck
Bill Menz, and his son Keith, and his truck loaded with apples
ready for market, Cudlee Creek, SA.

(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1927)

Stephen Hannaford's Albion truck
Stephen Hannaford's Albion truck,
Cudlee Creek, SA.

(Photo "They Sowed the Seeds" circa 1909)
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My wife, Peg, remembers being told that her father, Keith Menz, featured in a storey in a newspaper,
about him being the youngest person to wrap apples for export to England
when he was about 2 years old (circa. 1929).
The apples were wrapped in paper (sometimes cut up old news-paper)
and packed into wooden boxes at the Cudlee Creek Cold Stores
before being carted to Port Adelaide for shipment to England.
The Cudlee Creek Cold Store, established in 1922, was the first Co-operative
cold store to be build in the Adelaide Hills.
Stephan Hannaford, of "Hatchlands", Cudlee Creek, was one of the first people in SA to own a truck.
In 1909 he purchased an Albion truck and it was the first motor vehicle to be used in the East End Markets.

When it arrived at the market, Roy Pritchard, a grower from Cudlee Creek, recalled;

"We stayed up half the night discussing its possibilities from a commercial point of view.
We all agreed that only a wealthy grower could afford to run such an expensive vehicle,
and that it could be dangerous, particularly if it was driven over 15 miles per hour (24 kph)"

Greengrocers carts
Greengrocers carts on East Terrace - 1903.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1903 - B7942)

Greengrocers carts, New Market - East Tce.

Greengrocers carts, "New Market" - East Tce. - 1905.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1905 - B5326)


Greengrocers carts on East Terrace


Greengrocers carts on East Terrace - 1923

(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1923 - PRG280/1/36/152)



AE Pitt & Sons delivery truck
AE Pitt & Sons delivery truck - 1919.
(Photo SLSA Circa 1919 - PRG280/1/15/835)

AE Pitt - 1922.

AE Pitt - 1922.
(Photo SLSA Circa 1922 - PRG 280/1/33/105/)

Harold Gore's truck


Harold Gore outside the markets
with his Foegal truck load of produce.
His was the first truck to cart produce from
Summertown to the East End Markets. - 1914

(Photo news.com.au Circa 1914)



Inside the New Market
Inside the "New Market" - 1923
The old "horse troughs" can be seen above the roof of the truck.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1923 - B10261)

Bill Winter.

Bill Winter, founder of W.Winter Ltd,
"New Market", Adelaide.
(Photo (circa 1950's) courtesy Peter Lang)

Carrots to the Market


"Carrots to the Market"
Taken outside the Old Spot Hotel,
name on truck KEG Kuhlmann, Gawler.
(Photo (circa 1930's) courtesy John Hams)




Entrance of Old Market

Entrance of "Old Market" - Rundle St. - 1870.

(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1870 - B71200)

Greengrocers carts.

Greengrocers carts, "New Market"
Grenfell St.- 1905.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1905 - B5290)

Entrance of New Market

Entrance of "New Market"
Grenfell St. (West of Union St.) - 1961.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia (circa 1961) B14562)




Greengrocers vehicles

Greengrocers vehicles, "Old Market" - East Tce. - 1929 .

(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1929 - B4937)

Greengrocers carts.

Greengrocers carts, "New Market"
Grenfell St.- 1905.
(Photo The State Library of South Australia Circa 1905 - B5290)

Greengrocers carts

Greengrocers carts, "Old Market" - East Tce. - 1903
(Photo The State Library of South Australia (circa 1903) B10278)


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Wal Chartres

Wal Chartres, founder Chartres & Eitzen Pty Ltd.
(Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange)
(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1961)

Truck

Chartres & Eitzen Pty Ltd's Truck
(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1979)

Bill Chartres

Bill Chartres,
Chartres & Eitzen Pty Ltd
(Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange)
(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1998)


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L.J. Bishop
Les Bishop, Manager Silbert Sharp & Bishop Ltd.
(Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange)

(Photo courtesy John Bishop)

P. Joseph

Peter Joseph,
Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange Co Ltd
(Photo courtesy John Bishop)

D. Mackereth

Don Mackereth,
Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange Co Ltd
(Photo courtesy John Bishop)


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Neale family
The Neale family, of Upper Hermitage, SA, packing peaches for the Adelaide Market. (L to R) Mavis repairing half cases to pack into,
Les & David packing peaches.
These peaches were much sort after by Adelaide's retail fruiterers, and Chartres & Eitzen P/L was one of their selected agents.
(Photo (circa 1980's)courtesy The Neale Family)


Verrall's Chev Truck

Chev. truck belonging to A & W Verrall, Hermitage, SA.

(Photo Hermitage District History)


Do you have any old photographs of the East End Markets, or the old "identities", that you would like to share?
If so please contact Bill
Email Bill
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THE ADELAIDE FRUIT AND PRODUCE EXCHANGE Co Ltd.

["The New Market"]

At the beginning of the 20th century William Charlick, who had founded Charlick Bros. (a fruit, potato and grocery business) at the East End Market in 1881 with his brother, retired from the grocery side of the business, to form William Charlick Ltd. wholesale fruit and potato merchants. Realising that the East End Market was again outgrowing its site, he acquired the land between Rundle and Grenfell Streets and East Tce. and Union Street, and then began to negotiate with The East End Market Co Ltd to extend their site. However these negotiations failed, so he decided to pursue his idea to build a new modern market on his own. Enlisting the support of growers, merchants and the City Council a Bill was passed in 1903 empowering him to erect a market, not exceeding 4 acres in area, which was to be completed by 1908, with the Council having the power to take over the market (at its then value) sometime in the future - [however this option was never exercised by the council].

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Rundle Street 1903
Rundle Street - 1903
The site of the "New Market" was the RHS of this photo.
Approved was granted in 1903, and the market opened May 1904.
(Photo Vintage Adelaide & SA - Circa 1903)

The Adelaide Fruit and Produce Co Ltd was quickly formed with a capital of £40,000 ($A80,000), and on May 2nd 1904 the market was opened for business. Extensions continued over the next couple of years, and by 1910 there were 390 growers' stands with provision for their vehicles and teams, 20 large packing stores, 11 small stores, 10 side stores, a refreshment-room and a blacksmith. Nearly 4 acres had been developed for market purposes at a cost of nearly £52,300 ($A104,600) for land and buildings.

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The market was described as "..the best of its character in Australia - lofty, well ventilated, wide roads, no obstacles, automatically drained, and kept wonderfully clean". The original Chairman was W. Charlick, with Mr T.H. Brooker as secretary.

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The market soon became known as "The New Market", with the original site known as "The Old Market".

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Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange Co Ltd - Directors
Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange Co Ltd - Directors - 1903
(L to R) William W James, Joseph Vardon, William Charlick,
Charles A Richardson, Thomas H Brooker, AT Magarey.
(Photo slsa B28729 Circa 1903)

plaque – H J Bishop
Memorial plaque – H J Bishop
Adelaide Fruit & Produce Exchange Co Ltd

(Photo courtesy John Bishop)




Delivery cart

Delivery cart belonging to William Charlick - 1919

(Photo slsa PRG280_1_15_47 circa 1919)
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THE SA CHAMBER OF FRUIT & VEGETABLE INDUSTRIES.

During the period 1930 - 1940 the number of Wholesale Merchants operating at the East End Markets rose rapidly, and The SA Chamber of Fruit & Vegetable Industries was formed with 31 Foundation Members, and a Foundation Council of 14, with Mr LC Heading as president and Mr DL Sobels secretary.

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THE ADELAIDE PRODUCE MARKET Ltd.

From the mid 1960's there was talk of the need to relocate the East End Markets, the surrounding streets were again being over crowded, and by the early 1980'S it had become necessary to close East Terrace, Rundle Street and Grenfell Street on three mornings a week to accommodate the parking and loading of retailers vehicles.

However it was not until 1985 that the SA Government allocated land at Pooraka (north of the city), for the building of a new market. In 1986 a developer was appointed by the Government to carry out a feasibility study of the project.
In 1987 when the feasibility study was released it was rejected by the Merchants on the basis of prohibitive costs.

The fruit and vegetable industry then put forward a proposal to the Government for a joint venture between the two. This was rejected by the Government, so in April 1987 the Fruit and Vegetable Industry decided to proceed on their own. A new company was formed (consisting of Wholesalers, Growers and Retailers) under the leadership of John Eakins, construction of the new facility finally commenced in November 1987 and it was completed in September 1988.

The East End Markets ceased operations on Saturday 1st October 1988,
and on Monday 3rd October
The Adelaide Produce Market Ltd commenced trading,
with the official opening by Premier of SA John Bannon
on Tuesday 4th October 1988./p



New Market

The end of trading Saturday 01/10/1988
(Photo © Bill Chartres, 1988)

Pooraka market.

The opening of Pooraka market
by the Premier of SA, John Bannon, Tuesday 04/10/1988
(Photo © Bill Chartres, 1988)

New Market

After the markets relocated to Pooraka,
the New Market Site was redeveloped as residential
apartments retaining the old façade.



New Market

The HL Banana Group Sales Team

Photo from an old 1980'sSunshine Fruit Calendar


On May 15th 2016 Bob Byrne published an article about the East End Markets
in The Advertiser titled "TO MARKET, EAST END STYLE",
(This was also published on the Adelaide Now web site under the title
"Adelaide, do you remember the East End Market?").

A copy of Adelaide Now's article can be seen HERE



Bill Chartres

Ash Wednesday
I, Bill Chartres, first attended the “New Market” in the 1940’s (aged about 6) with my father (Wal (“Jinks”) Chartres)
who managed the Fruit Sales Floor of Silbert Sharp and Bishop Ltd. In 1948 dad established the family business (Chartres & Eitzen Pty Ltd) and from this time I often attended the market with him.
During the 1950’s I worked in the market before school three mornings a week and during school holidays.
I began full time employment in 1960 and continued at the markets until I retired in 2001.

In 1960 Chartres & Eitzen Pty. Ltd. established a fruit packing shed at Cudlee Creek in addition to its Sales Room at the market.
However, following the disastrous bush fires of Ash Wednesday (16th February 1983) that destroyed the Cudlee Creek Packing Shed, I sold up and moved to Lobethal with Peg and our family.


I then went to work for the HL Banana Agency group, and when "HL" established another business (Sunshine Fruit Pty Ltd) in 1985
I managed that, firstly in the East End and later at the new Pooraka Market.
I retired in 2001, and live at Lobethal with Peg.

Our four sons, Nick, Wayne, Graham and Jason, worked with me at the Pooraka Market and Graham and Jason are both still working in the fruit industry
(making them sixth generation [on Peg's side] and third generation [on my side], to be associated with the fruit industry in Australia).
Graham at Fresh Produce Group,in the Sydney Market and Jason at Le Manna Group in Adelaide's Pooraka Market.

"Photo (RHS) of Chartres & Eitzen Pty. Ltd.’s fruit Packing Shed, Redden Drive Cudlee Creek, SA following Ash Wednesday fire February, 1983.
(Photo Peg & Bill Chartres' collection Circa 1983).
More photos of Ash Wednesday can be seen HERE



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